Porous Transport Layers for PEM Fuel Cell and Thermoelectric Cells


The objective is to apply knowledge from research themes 1-6 to:

  1. Design more energy- efficient electrochemical systems tailoring for instance their porous transport layer.
  2. Describe the role of buoyancy in CO2 sequestration in reservoirs.
  3. Predict hydraulic fracturing in three dimensions.
The fuel cell supply system for gas was improved by introducing a microporous layer into the nanoporous catalytic layer of a PEMFC, see Zlotorovicz et al. J. Power Sources, 287 (215) 472
We will now optimize access of gas through the microporous layer, see Kjelstrup et al. Energy and Fuels 24 (2010) 5097.


Principal Investigator for Research Theme 7: 
 Professor Signe Kjelstrup.

 Profs. Dick Bedeaux, Eirik Grude Flekkøy, Dag Dysthe, Bruno Pollet, Odne Burheim, Natalya Kizilova, Alex Hansen, Bjørnar Sandnes, Stéphane Santucci, Renaud Toussaint, Øivind Wilhelmsen.

 Marco Sauermoser, Kim R. Kristiansen, Astrid F. Gunnarshaug.

Selected articles

  1. Kjelstrup, M-O Coppens, J. G. Pharoah and P. Pfeifer, Nature-Inspired Energy- and Material-Efficient Design of a Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cell, Energy & Fuels, 24 (2010) 5097-5108. DOI:10.1021/ef100610w
  2. Zlotorowicz, Kaushik. Jayasayeed, P.I. Dahl, M. S. Thomassen and S. Kjelstrup, Tailored Porosities of the Cathode Layer for Improved Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells, J. Power Sources, 287 (2015) 472-477. DOI:10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.04.079

Recent articles

  1. Elisa Magnanelli, Øivind Wilhelmsen, Eivind Johannessen, Signe Kjelstrup, Energy efficient design of membranes processes by use of entropy production minimizationComputers & Chemical Engineering 117 (2018) 105-116
  2. Sathiyaraj Kandhasamy, Asbjørn Solheim, Signe Kjelstrup, and Geir Martin Haarberg, Electrolyte Melt Compositions for Low Temperature Molten Carbonate Thermocell, ACS Appl. Energy Mater.  (2018) DOI: 10.1021/acsaem.8b00984
  3. V. María Barragán, Kim R. Kristiansen, Signe Kjelstrup, Perspectives on Thermoelectric Energy Conversion in Ion-Exchange Membranes, Entropy 20 (2018) 905; doi:10.3390/e20120905Chosen as Journal Issue Front cover https://www.mdpi.com/1099-4300/