New Release in 2021: The Special Issue “Nanoscale Thermodynamics” is now online!
The Special Issue “Nanoscale Thermodynamics” is now online.
Editor: Prof. Signe Kjelstrup (PoreLab, NTNU)
The book is published online and is freely accessible on the MDPI Books platform: http://www.mdpi.com/books/pdfview/book/4021
The reprint book is listed in the Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB), Google Books and WorldCat and is available through several distribution platforms, e.g., Amazon.
Furthermore, the book can be purchased as a printed copy directly from MDPI’s website.
This Special Issue concerns the development of a theory for energy conversion on the nanoscale, namely, nanothermodynamics. The theory has been applied to porous media, small surfaces, clusters or fluids under confinement. The number of unsolved issues in these contexts is numerous and the present efforts are only painting part of the broader picture. We attempt to answer the following: How far down in scale does the Gibbs equation apply? Which theory can replace it beyond the thermodynamic limit? It is well known that confinement changes the equation of state of a fluid, but how does confinement change the equilibrium conditions themselves? This Special Issue explores some of the roads that were opened up for us by Hill with the idea of nanothermodynamics. The experimental progress in nanotechnology is advancing rapidly. It is our ambition with this book to inspire an increased effort in the development of suitable theoretical tools and methods to help further progress in nanoscience. All ten contributions to this Special Issue can be seen as efforts to support, enhance and validate the theoretical foundation of Hill.
New Release in 2021: Special Issue reprint book “Application of Nanoparticles for Oil Recovery”
The Special Issue reprint book “Application of Nanoparticles for Oil Recovery” has been published online and is freely accessible on the MDPI Books platform (https://www.mdpi.com/books/pdfview/book/3891). The reprint book will be listed in the Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB), Google Books and WorldCat and is available through several distribution platforms, e.g., Amazon. Furthermore, the book can be purchased as a printed copy directly from the MDPI website here.
The oil industry has, in the last decade, seen successful applications of nanotechnology in completion systems, completion fluids, drilling fluids, and in improvements of well constructions, equipment, and procedures. However, very few full field applications of nanoparticles as an additive to injection fluids for enhanced oil recovery (EOR) have been reported. Many types of chemical enhanced oil recovery methods have been used in fields all over the world for many decades and have resulted in higher recovery, but the projects have very often not been economic. Therefore, the oil industry is searching for a more efficient enhanced oil recovery method. Based on the success of nanotechnology in various areas of the oil industry, nanoparticles have been extensively studied as an additive in injection fluids for EOR. This book includes a selection of research articles on the use of nanoparticles for EOR application. The articles are discussing nanoparticles as additive in waterflooding and surfactant flooding, stability and wettability alteration ability of nanoparticles and nanoparticle stabilized foam for CO2-EOR. The book also includes articles on nanoparticles as an additive in biopolymer flooding and studies on the use of nanocellulose as a method to increase the viscosity of injection water. Mathematical models of the injection of nanoparticle-polymer solutions are also presented.
Ole Torsæter (Editor)
New Release in 2020: Non-equilibrium Thermodynamics of Heterogeneous Systems
This book utilizes non-equilibrium thermodynamics to describe transport in complex, heterogeneous media. There are large coupling effects between transport of heat, mass, charge, and chemical reactions at surfaces, and it is important to know how one should properly integrate across systems where different phases are in contact. This book is the first to give a prescription of how to set up flux equations for transports across heterogeneous systems.
Review of the first edition:
“This is a very good book,maybe the best in nonequilibrium thermodynamics in the past few years. As the book is restricted mostly to homogeneous systems and assumes preliminary knowledge of equilibrium thermodynamics and the basic balances of continuum physics, it is comprehensible and recommended to everybody who is interested in the application areas of the book or in non-equilibrium thermodynamics in general, both for engineers and researchers.”
Journal of Non-Equilibrium Thermodynamics
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 978-981-121-676-3 (Hardcover)
ISBN: 978-981-121-678-7 (eBook-Individuals)
About the authors:
Signe Kjelstrup is a professor of Physical Chemistry at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. She is presently a principal investigator of PoreLab, Center of Excellence. Her works in irreversible thermodynamics concern electrochemical cells, membrane systems and entropy production minimization in process equipment. Kjelstrup is a elected member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters and has received the Gulberg and Waage medal from the Norwegian Chemical Society
Dick Bedeaux is an emeritus professor of physical chemistry at the University of Leiden. He is presently an active member of PoreLab, Center of Excellence. Together with Albano and Mazur, he extended the theory of irreversible thermodynamics to surfaces and has worked on curved surfaces in the context of non-equilibrium thermodynamics. Bedeaux is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the recipient of the Onsager Medal from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
New Release in 2020: Materials for Transitional and Alternative Energy- 1st Edition
Sustainable Materials for Transitional and Alternative Energy, a new release in the Advanced Materials and Sensors for the Oil and Gas Industry series, comprises a list of processes across the energy industry coupled with the latest research involving advanced nanomaterials. Topics include green-based nanomaterials towards carbon capture, the importance of coal gasification in terms of fossil fuels and advanced materials utilized for fuel cells. Supplied from contributing experts in both academic and corporate backgrounds, the reference contains a precise balance on the developments, applications, advantages and challenges remaining.
The book addresses real solutions as energy companies continue to deliver energy needs while lowering emissions. The oil and gas industry are shifting and implementing innovative ways to produce energy in an environmentally friendly way. One approach involves solutions developed using advanced materials and nanotechnology. Nanomaterials are delivering new alternatives for engineers making this a timely product for today’s market.
Table of contents
- Smart and State-of-the-art materials in oil and gas industry
- Advanced Materials for Geothermal Energy Applications
- Functional Green-Based Nanomaterials Towards Sustainable Carbon Capture and Sequestration
- Nanocatalysts and Sensors in Coal Gasification Process
- Advanced Materials for Next Generation Fuel Cells
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing Copyright: @Gulf Professional Publishing 2021
ISBN: 9780128243794 (printed version)
Page count: 350
Language: English Published: 1st February 2021
New Release in 2020: Sustainable Materials for Oil and Gas Applications – 1st Edition
Sustainable Materials for Oil and Gas Applications, a new release in the Advanced Materials and Sensors for the Oil and Gas Industry series, comprises a list of processes across the upstream and downstream sectors of the industry and the latest research on advanced nanomaterials. Topics include enhanced oil recovery mechanisms of nanofluids, health and safety features related to nanoparticle handling, and advanced materials for produced water treatments. Supplied from contributing experts in both academic and corporate backgrounds, the reference contains developments, applications, advantages and challenges. Located in one convenient resource, the book addresses real solutions as oil and gas companies try to lower emissions.
Table of Contents
1. Importance and Emergence of Advanced Materials and Sensors for Energy Applications
2. A Biophilic Material in Petroleum Exploration and Production: Iodine
3. Advanced Materials and Sensors in Well Logging, Completions and Drilling Operations
4. Nanoparticles in Enhanced Oil Recovery Processes
5. Intelligent Materials in Unconventional Oil and Gas Recovery
6. State-of-the-Art Materials in Petroleum Facilities and Pipelines
Imprint: Gulf Professional Publishing Copyright: @Gulf Professional Publishing 2021 ISBN: 9780128243800 (printed version)
Page count: 350 Language: English Published: 1st February 2021
New Release in 2020: Nanothermodynamics – General Theory
The world of small systems challenges standard knowledge. Can we use classical thermodynamics? The answer to that is no. The book discusses how Terrill Hill developed the field of nanothermodynamics, which applies perfectly well also to small systems, to address this problem. He introduced an ensemble of replicas of the small system and showed that the energy needed to add such a replica plays a crucial element in the description of the small system contribution.
The purpose of this book is to expand on and demonstrate Hill’s theory. His theory adds new terms to the thermodynamic equations, that are specific for system at the nanoscale. The new properties of these equations may be counter intuitive. The equation of state for a small system, for instance, is not given once and for all. It changes with the environmental variables and the shape that control the small system.
Within nanothermodynamics we can deal with single molecules, unlike in classical thermodynamics. Equilibrium conditions will change upon confinement. These features make nanothermodynamics very different from classical thermodynamics and relevant for the description of fluid transport in nanoporous media. Nanothermodynamics affects porous media on the micrometer scale. As soon as the system’s surface energy is sizable compared to the bulk energy, we need to consider small system effects. Scaling laws are presented which help to describe the small system over a range of sizes and to understand the large system limit better.
ISBN: 978-82-69187 (PoreLab) ISBN: 978-82-691871-1-3 (printed version)
Paperback: 20 euros
About the authors:
Dick Bedeaux is associated member at the Center of Excellence, PoreLab since its creation. He was Professor of Physical Chemistry at the University of Leiden, The Netherlands, from 1984 to 2002, and held (from 2002 to 2011) a part-time Chair at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. He is now emeritus at both places. Bedeaux, together with Albano and Mazur, extended the theory of irreversible thermodynamics to surfaces. He has worked on curved surfaces. Bedeaux is a fellow of the American Physical Society, and the recipient of the Onsager Medal from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology. Together with Jan Vlieger he wrote the book Optical Properties of Surfaces (Imperial College Press, 2002, and revised edition 2004).
Signe Kjelstrup is Professor of Physical Chemistry since 1985 at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. She is principal investigator at the Center Of excellence, PoreLab. Until 2015, she was also a part-time Chair on irreversible thermodynamics and sustainable processes at the Technical University of Delft, The Netherlands. Her works in irreversible thermodynamics concern electrochemical cells, membrane systems and entropy production minimization in process equipment. She holds an honorary doctorate from the University of North East China, and has been a guest professor at Kyoto University, Japan, University of Barcelona, Spain.
Sondre Kvalvåg Schnell is Associate Professor at at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), Trondheim, Norway. His research focuses on numerical simulations, specifically on thermodynamics properties, both in equilibrium and non-equilibrium. His work targets two specific topics: transport in Magnesium Ion batteries, an alternative battery technology, and nanothermodynamics, which is the description of thermal properties of systems consisting of just a few atoms. In his work he uses molecular simulations, where he explicitly models single atoms, and how they interact with each other. Schnell is associated memebre at the Center Of Excellenece, PoreLab.
Book Launching on May 26th, 2020 at PoreLab