PoreLab lecture on “Heterogeneous Combustion in Porous Media as Ultra-low Emission Combustion Concept”

Title : Heterogeneous Combustion in Porous Media as Ultra-low Emission Combustion Concept

Speaker: Prof. Matthias Ihme

Affiliation: Center for Turbulence, Research Department of Mechanical Engineering, Stanford University

When: 23 September from 15 to 16, online


Current combustion technologies for aviation gas-turbines, stationary power generation, and internal combustion engines are relatively mature, and only incremental improvements in performance and combustion efficiency can be expected. However, new combustion concepts are needed to comply with new regulations on exhaust emissions, combustor stability, and to enable the utilization of emerging and alternative fuels. One such promising combustion concept is matrix-stabilized combustion in porous media. In these burners combustion is facilitated within the voids of a porous heat-conducting matrix, thereby achieving superadiabatic combustion, significant reductions in pollutant emissions, and extended power modulation. In this seminar, we will examine scientific aspects of porous media combustion that comprise the numerical modeling, the development of advanced diagnostics techniques, and the additive manufacturing of tailored porous-ceramic matrix structures. Of particular interest is the experimental characterization of the internal flame structure inside the porous matrix. For this, X-ray computed tomography diagnostics is developed to obtain three-dimensional temperature fields within the porous matrix structure. The utility of these temperature measurements in assessing the accuracy of low-order models is discussed, and the need for durability tests in conjunction with high-resolution micro-XCT diagnostics for characterizing the longtime performance and thermo-structural stability of porous matrix burners is examined.


Matthias Ihme is Associate Professor in the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Stanford University. He holds a BSc. degree in Mechanical Engineering and a MSc. degree in Computational Engineering. In 2008, he received his Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Stanford. After being on the faculty of the Aerospace Engineering Department at the University of Michigan for five years, he returned to Stanford in 2013. He is a recipient of the NSF CAREER Award (2009), the ONR Young Investigator Award (2010), the AFOSR Young Investigator Award (2010), the NASA Early Career Faculty Award (2015), and the Hiroshi Tsuji Early Career Research Award (2017). His research interests are broadly on the computational modeling of reacting flows, the development of numerical methods, and the investigation of advanced combustion concepts.


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