When: Wednesday 19 April at 13:00 (Oslo time)
Who: Dr. Mathieu Souzy, Research Associate at INRAE (French National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment).
Title: Dispersion and stretching in 3D porous media
Geomaterials are complex porous materials presenting a wide diversity of structures, which set how a fluid will flow through it. Theunderstanding of the mechanisms controlling the flow kinematics at the pore scale is however decisive to predict and control transport processes (dispersion and mixing). Because of the opaque nature of porous media, the flow visualization and characterization of the velocity fields within a porous media is particularly challenging in three-dimensional (3-D) porous media. However, recent development of experimental techniques including index matching, allow to develop transparent porous media to perform direct visualization of the flow in these artificial materials.
I will here discuss about how such approach allows to study porous media composed of randomly packed solid monodisperse spheres, allowing to directly visualize the flow within the bulk of the 3-D media, and to investigate how a blob of dye stretches and get mixed when injected within such 3-D porous media. Using Particle Image Velocimetry techniques (PIV), successive scans of the velocity field are used to provide highly resolved experimental reconstruction of the 3-D Eulerian fluid velocity field in the bulk of the porous media. From the experimentally measured 3D velocity field, the stretching process (how fluid material line gets elongated within the flow) and the dispersion process (how a blob of dye explores its surrounding media) are characterized, and an explanation for the reported anomalous dispersion is discussed.